The Studio Blog
Legendary Choreographer Oleg Vinogradov Shares His Stories
The following was transcribed from the July 17, 2012 National Press Club Newsmakers event with Oleg Vinogradov, Russian Master Choreographer and Emeritus Kirov / Mariinsky Artistic Director, speaking to the audience with the assistance of a translator. This is the first in a four-part series.
Youth, Ballet, and a Big Promise
"Everyone has a designated purpose in life. My purpose has been to have an influence on ballet. I adore it…ballet; I am a disciple and a lover of ballet. Sometimes people don’t understand true ballet, which is Classical Ballet. I grew up in St. Petersburg, Russia, known as the capital of European ballet, and I am a graduate of the Vaganova Ballet Academy (formerly St. Petersburg / Leningrad Ballet School), one of the best ballet schools in the world.
I grew up in a very contradictory time (1950-60s). There was political unrest, political views clashed, and political influences were changing. Doors were opening, walls were coming down.
I saw the evolution of the development of the Mariinsky and Kirov ballet styles. I have been lucky to see in my lifetime the changes and evolution of ballet, unlike my predecessors, who weren’t able to have such an expanded view because for a long time, Russian/Soviet ballet existed only behind the iron curtain.
Generations of people didn’t know what was happening in the west so, in particular for me, I felt like I had to raise this curtain. I had to open the doors for the art (ballet) which we were not able to know before.
(Pictured left: Mr. Vinogradov with renowned French Choreographer Roland Petit, right)
As times began to change, I was able to meet many artists and musicians outside of Russia—a first for my generation—[artists] including Herbert Von Karajan, an Austrian orchestra and opera conductor, known best for his work with the Berlin Philharmonic. My mission in the historic period of Vladimir Mayevsky (one of the leaders of an anti-Communist movement during the Russian Civil War in the mid-20th Century) was to bring western choreography (of Bejart, Petit, and others) to the people of Russia.
I never thought I’d come to America. At night, I would try to get American music to come in on my radio, but I had to be careful. I was always afraid that someone would hear it. (He cites the Soviet government’s restrictions on citizens.) Now I live primarily in St. Petersburg, but have been coming to the US regularly for 22 years!
[Also during this time I met and worked with dancers who would become world leaders in ballet] I graduated in the same class as Rudolf Nuryev at the Vaganova Academy; I created choreography for Natalia Makarova, who is one year younger than I am; and Mikhail Baryshnikov was among the first to dance my ballets right after he graduated from school.
(Pictured, left: Legendary Ballet Dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov in Mr. Vinogradov's Goryanka)
During that time (1950-60s) Soviet ballet started to change with the rise of Yuri Grigorovich and other new thinkers. Symphonic ballet choreography was started by George Balanchine, who was brought up on Marius Petipa’s style, but who eventually developed his own style that is still used today. The last visit of Balanchine’s Ballet Company to St. Petersburg was in 1961 or so. I hadn’t staged any of my big ballets yet, but had started to choreograph for the Novosibersk Ballet Theater. I came to St. Petersburg to see Balanchine’s ballets which were so new at that time. I met Balanchine, who was young then and he asked me which of his ballets I liked best. I hadn’t seen any of them yet, which I couldn’t tell him, so I said, 'I actually like all of your ballets.' I also told him that if I ever got the chance in my life to bring his ballets to the stage, I would do anything to make that happen. I was still a 'nobody' at the time but 40 years later, I fulfilled my promise, and was the first to bring Balanchine’s ballets to the Kirov stage."
Stay tuned for Part 2 of this series, in which Mr. Vinogradov discusses Russian ballet history, and his definition of the perfect ballet body.
Oleg Vinogradov: Legendary Choreographer and Ballet Classicist
Talks 50 Years in Russian ballet, 150th Anniversary of St. Petersburg Conservatory
The Golden Age of Russian dance, music and art was dramatically impacted by the seminal figure Oleg Vinogradov. Vinogradov modernized Russian ballet, brought the Kirov-Mariinsky Ballet Theatre back to world renown, and tore down artificial East-West walls by bringing the choreography of artists such as Balanchine, Bournonville, and Béjart to Russia. During Glasnost, as communism gave way to capitalism, Vinogradov plunged into the resulting artistic freedom. Now Artistic Director of the Ballet Theater and Dean of the Department of Musical Theater at St. Petersburg’s Rimsky-Korsakov State Conservatory, Vinogradov speaks about the celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the prestigious conservatory and Russia’s modern dance history.
(pictured right: Moscow Ballet Associate Producer Dan Talmi with Nataliya Yablakova and Oleg Vinogradov at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in Russia.)
Vinogradov’s longstanding artistic vision is a significant contributing factor in the worldwide revitalization that ballet has seen in the last half century. He has defined, re-defined and revitalized Russian ballet more than any other single person of the 20th Century, impacting the ballet world as a dancer, choreographer, painter, and international impresario.
Meet the man, hear the story at the National Press Club in Washington DC on Tuesday, July 17 at 4 pm. RSVP to JLIB_HTML_CLOAKING or 800-320-1733 x21.
In 1961 Vinogradov became Ballet Master at the Novosibirsk Theatre, and created his first important, and decidedly new, ballet stagings of Prokofiev's Cinderella (1964) and Romeo and Juliet (1965). Critics from Moscow and Leningrad issued the verdict of a "professional birth of daring and original choreographic talents." Vinogradov developed a symbolic movement vocabulary which portrayed a depth of meaning beyond the classic physical lines of beauty. Drawing from earlier training as a visual artist, he first created sketches as the basis for his choreography and later developed actual movements in the rehearsal studio. At the time Vinogradov declared, "The spectator that comes to the ballet only to admire the beauty of the dancing is robbing himself. Modern Ballet can and should excite not only feelings but thoughts as well."
His fresh and even radical productions brought Vinogradov much attention from throughout Russia. In 1967 the preeminent Bolshoi Ballet invited him to stage Asel, music by V. Vlasov, and in 1968 the Kirov Ballet asked him to stage Goryanka (A Mountain Maiden) with music by M. Kashlaiev. From 1968 to 1972 he choreographed for the Kirov Ballet and from 1973 to 1977 he was appointed Artistic Director and Chief Choreographer of the Maly (now Mikhalovsky) Ballet Theatre. His experimentation here did much to restore the Maly Theatre's reputation for innovation and daring.
(pictured left: Oleg Vinogradov talks with Jerome Robbins and others.)
In 1977 he accepted the position of Artistic Director and Chief Ballet Master of the Kirov Ballet. Here he made drastic and sometimes controversial changes with a mind to revive the once grand company. He imposed a strict aesthetic on the look and style of his dancers. The company, which had not been approached for a tour in many years, started touring abroad to great success.
During 20 years at the helm of the Kirov, Vinogradov successfully revived the company by bringing in younger dancers, dramatically broadening and modernizing the repertoire and bringing Western choreographers and/or their repertory to the company for the first time, including Roland Petit, Jerome Robbins and Maurice Béjart. Vinogradov explains his inspiration to bring outside choreographers to St Petersburg, "The works of great western choreographers were out of reach for us, behind the iron curtain. Most of my conscious artistic life went without knowing what was happening on the global ballet stage. And that is why my first aspiration, after I became an Artistic Director of Kirov-Mariinsky Ballet, was to change this situation."
Works by George Balanchine, who graduated with honors from the Kirov (at that time the Imperial Ballet School) and defecting to the West in 1924, were produced at the Kirov for the first time due to Vinogradov’s vision. Vinogradov also engineered the premiere of works by the Danish August Bournonville and French Maurice Béjart, choreographer and founder the Béjart Ballet Lausanne. In the late 1980s, when the effects of Glasnost reached the ballet world, open communication, experimentation and cultural exchange became options to embrace and Vinogradov took full advantage of the situation. With over 20 years (1977-2003) at the Kirov, Vinogradov is known as the director who shaped the power of classic dance in innumerable ballets and for returning the historic Kirov-Mariinsky Theatre to world-wide prominence. Currently Mr. Vinogradov is Dean of Theater Direction and Choreography Department Director at the Saint Petersburg Rimsky-Korsakov State Conservatory and Artistic Director Saint Petersburg Conservatory Ballet.
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